Shared values: Towards a framework for inclusive deliberative valuations
Jasper Kenter, SAMS
To deeply resolve conflicts between nature conservation and exploitation, we need transformative processes that bring together different voices to develop shared understandings of conflicts between different ecosystem services and shared values around how to resolve them. I will outline a conceptual framework that highlights the multidimensionality of shared values and how deliberation can help form and elicit them. Using case examples, I will show how deliberation can form and change values compared to non-deliberative individual valuation methods, and how deliberation can link monetary and non-monetary valuation. The importance of institutional factors, such as power issues, and the inevitable subjectivity of valuations around complex and contested issues are highlighted. I will advocate deliberative valuations as a means to integrate plural values and as a ‘boundary object’ that can link research, practitioner and policy communities, enabling more effective translation of values into decisions and creating new democratic spaces for transformative social change.
Jasper is Principal Investigator in Ecological Economics at SAMS. He is an interdisciplinary researcher with interests in sustainable development, conservation and environmental governance and management issues with a focus on ecosystem services. He also provides deliberative valuation process design and facilitation consultancy. His primary research interest is in peoples’ values around nature. He enjoys taking a very broad view of the notion of value and values, looking through the lenses of economics, ethics, psychology and spiritual practice, and has a particular interest in participatory and deliberative approaches to valuing and managing ecosystems, how social processes shape values and cultural ecosystem services. Jasper is an Honorary Fellow of the University of Edinburgh, visiting lecturer at the University of Leicester, board member of the European Society for Ecological Economics, recent Guest Editor of the journal Ecosystem Services, and Interfaith Minister-in-training. Previously he was Principal Investigator for the Shared, Plural, and Cultural Values chapter of the UK National Ecosystem Assessment Follow-On.
Participatory land use planning in the Pentland Hills: using ecosystem service values to inform decision-making
Peter Phillips, Neville Makan, Katja Schmidt
Located just south of Edinburgh, the Pentland Hills Regional Park (PHRP) is one of three such parks across Scotland. Regional Parks are large areas of attractive countryside in proximity to larger towns and cities, often containing landscapes and habitats of regional importance. Their proximity to large populations means that they are often under significant recreational pressure, highlighting the need for coordinated management. However, decisions concerning the use and management of land in the Pentlands are subject to multiple private and public interests, which can sometimes conflict. An important aspect of the PHRP’s governance is a “Consultative Forum” (CF) comprising key stakeholders (agencies, land owners/managers, recreational interests, community councils etc). This established structure raised an important opportunity to explore collaborative approaches to land use and management. In 2016, Scottish Natural Heritage funded a project to support the CF with this goal, building on a visitor survey that elicited ecosystem service (ES) values and landscape preferences, within the scope of the EU project OPERAs. The project involved a workshop with CF members including 1) participatory GIS to map ES across the Park; 2) assessment of identified ES using a socio-cultural values framework, and 3) identification of pressures affecting ES in the Park. The results and recommendations have been written-up in a “Consultative Forum Report” which will inform future land use and management in the Park. Our talk will present the background, approach, and results from this work.
Peter Phillips, Collingwood Environmental Planning
Dr Peter Phillips is a Senior Consultant at Collingwood Environmental Planning Limited (CEP), guest lecturer in environmental assessment and social research methods at the University of Strathclyde and an Associate of the Royal Town Planning Institute (AssocRTPI). Peter’s professional career has spanned local government, academia, and consultancy. In his current role at CEP, Peter’s work focusses on policy research and evaluation, principally in relation to sustainable land use, ecosystem services, and participatory decision-making. He has undertaken research commissions on these and other topics for the European Environment Agency, European Commission, Defra, Scottish Government, Scottish Natural Heritage, Forestry Commission Scotland and ClimateXChange. He is currently completing a project for SNH supporting an established stakeholder group in the Pentland Halls Regional Park to develop collaborative approaches to land use management planning, using the ecosystems approach. Peter is a skilled facilitator and enjoys working with stakeholders to develop consensus on complex issues, such as land use.
Neville Makan, Scottish Natural Heritage
Neville is an Operations Officer at Scottish Natural Heritage, a Chartered Environmentalist and a Member of the Chartered Institute of Ecology and Environmental Management. Neville started his career in organic farming in France, Switzerland, and Scotland. After a brief spell in commercial forestry, he focussed on nature conservation working for the Scottish Wildlife Trust delivering training in habitat management and countryside management skills. He then worked with private consultancies carrying out habitat and protected species surveys, as well as designing site management plans. In SNH he works with land owners and managers improving the condition of protected areas; provides advice on Strategic Environmental Assessments for development plans and other strategies; advises on Habitat Regulations Appraisals and Environmental Impact Assessments for major development proposals. Recently, he has been involved in landscape scale partnership initiatives within the inner Forth and the carse of Stirling. He has been helping to embed the ecosystem approach within SNH and looks for new projects that meet its principles, such as the work in the Pentland Hills Regional Park.
Katja is a PhD student at the Landscape Management Group at the University of Potsdam. She is interested in transdisciplinary approaches to contribute to sustainable land use planning. Within the EU project OPERAs, she aims to operationalise ecosystem service research by contributing practical knowledge on socio-cultural valuation. Her work in the Pentland Hills Regional Park focuses on the differences between valuation methods, differences of ecosystem service values and landscape preferences and on the participatory mapping of ecosystem services to inform land management.
Marc Metzger, University of Edinburgh: OPERAs
Katja Schmidt, University of Potsdam: Testing socio-cultural valuation methods of ecosystem services to explain land use preferences
Michela Facciol, James Hutton Institute: Understanding the preferences of the public and farmers for agri-environmental schemes: the case of a farmland area in north-east Scotland
Gill Ainsworth, Centre for Ecology & Hydrology: Non-monetary values of marine ecosystem services
Bruce Howard, Ecosystem Knowledge Network
Shared values: Designing effective and inclusive deliberative valuations
Jasper Kenter, SAMS
This interactive workshop will focus on concretely supporting conference participants to design deliberative valuations (monetary or non-monetary) and elicit and form
shared, plural and cultural values of ecosystems. We will discuss: when deliberative valuations are appropriate and when other methods can be considered; which deliberative methods to choose; the objectives of deliberation; integrating deliberation with other qualitative and quantitative methods; designing deliberative valuation processes using a six-step template; and key factors in relation to process design and facilitation. Participants will be encouraged to share their own experiences. We also ask participants to suggest, in advance, potential case studies where they may be interested in applying deliberative valuations.
Learning from the Pentland Hills experience: exploring and evaluating methods and tools for participatory land use planning
Peter Phillips, CEP and Neville Makan, SNH
This interactive workshop will build on material presented in the keynote presentation on the Pentland Hills project. Participants will have the opportunity to explore in further detail the tools and methods used for participatory land use planning. Specifically, we will look at the paper maps, data, process and questions used in participatory ecosystem service mapping and assessment. The session will involve a mixture of presentation, group work and facilitated discussion in plenary. The overall objective of the session is to enhance the learning from the Pentland Hills project: (1) for other practitioners and policy-makers that may be using/considering using similar tools; and (2) for those involved in the project (SNH and CEP Limited). An anticipated key output from the workshop will be a better understanding of the relative strengths and weaknesses of the methods and tools, in terms of their use in different decision-making contexts.